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Sound board

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Our board was having some problems. Two channels were not working and we could use some more as it was. So, I called a local equipment rental company. They had a 24 channel board they would rent for $150 per week. When I went to pick it up, I decided to simply purchase a new 8 channel board for less then $300.
soundrunning20001

 

 

Our board was having some problems. Two channels were not working and we could use some more as it was. So, I called a local equipment rental company. They had a 24 channel board they would rent for $150 per week. When I went to pick it up, I decided to simply purchase a new 8 channel board for less then $300.
soundrunning20001

 
 The smaller board is plugged into the main board using one of the aux inputs. This gave us 22 channels for the same cost as renting a board for 2 weeks.  
soundrunning20002
You can see the computer screen in the lower right corner with the big GO. We used the a software package called SFX to run our sound cues. All of the sound cues were recorded as WAVE files and transferred to the hard drive.  
soundrunning20003
 Yu Tak is reading the script, clicking the go button for the sound effects and cueing Galit who is pressing the mute buttons as needed.  
soundrunning20005
 Nicole is dealing with an actor's mic pack. Each actor is wearing a mic pack pouch on an elastic band under their costumes.  
soundrunning20008
 Notes from a recent class on how to hookup a basic sound system.  
soundbdnts
 The four photos to the right are of the Mackie CR1604 mixing board. I've broken it up into four to save some download time. 

The one on the left is of the aux controls and EQ. The one on the right is of the stereo returns.

Here's a PDF article on mixing...

 chnleqaux  auxreturn
 The photo on the left is of the first 7 channels. The sliders control the volume going to the output controls. The knobs include panning left & right and 3 bands of EQ. hi, mid, & low. You also have mute & solo buttons. The mute buttons are very handy in that you can simply mute the input mic and leave it at the same level. then when you need it up again, hit the button and the level is still set.

The photo on the right has the left/right outs as well as a mono out. This board can be set up several different ways. Check out the manual for more info.

 channels1  outs1
 
eq

 Above is a graphic EQ. Each slider controls a portion of the hearing frequency range. Here's just a couple of ways to use the EQ to improve your sound.
bullet Feedback. If you can lower just the range that is feeding back, you can remove it.
bullet Effects. Play a deep sounding cannon shot with better low end.
bullet You can change the way things/people sound. 

Don't go overboard with this. Too much can be a bad thing. If you do get trapped with strange sounding voices, try hitting that Bypass button. If this sounds much better, bring all your sliders back to the 0 mark and start again.

 
pafront
 The outputs are split into 6. 3 right & 3 left. Each also split into high, mid, and low ranges. This is for the cross-over functions. We're not using the x-over for x-over functions. We are using four of the outs, all set to full range. The speakers near the stage are in the high outs and the mid audience speakers are in the mid outs. Then, I've set the mid outs to 10milisecond delay. That's worth about 10 feet of front/back speaker separation. We will be getting an additional delay unit that will work for more then 10 feet. This thing does a lot of stuff! For more info, check out the manual.
 4 Mackie SRM 450 Speakers. These speakers are self powered. In other words, they have the amplifier built in. So, we need to run both a signal cable from the mixer and a power cord from the wall.

One of the nice things about having the amp in the speaker is that you can plug a mic directly into the speaker and it'll work. Very easy to use in any room with an electrical outlet.

 srm450front_big  srm450rear_big
 We've hung our speakers from the ceiling. Having sound coming from above works well as people are more sensitive about sound direction from from & back vs. up/down. With the speakers over the audience, we can have better control over the feedback problems. The first set of speakers are over the stage at center. Check out the Murrow theater page for a layout map.   
speakrig
     
     

 Below is the old sound equipment from my time at the Berkeley Carroll School. Several schools will still have these older models of equipment for years to come. So, I figured I'd leave the info as is.

Can you spot the speaker? This proscenium is a hard covered flat that is then covered with black velour. The speaker is hidden above the exit sign.
speake
Ah, you've found the speaker. This speaker is pushed up against the back side of the proscenium flats. If you look closely, you will see that the plywood is cut away revealing the black velour. The sound waves will travel through the cloth with just a little sound loss. you have to pay attention to setting the proper EQ to compensate for the cloth.  speaker
 Here is an older model Yamaha sound board.  sndbrd
 We have an EQ, a DAT deck, a duel cassette deck and a power amp.  sndrack
These next three photos are in the order, up and down, that they are on the board. The top knobs are for "trim", this adjusts level from the mic inputs. The "effects" controls the output to a special effects unit. The "monitor" allows you to listen to each one, or all, of the channels at their own levels.  sndbd
These three knobs are to adjust the EQ of each channel. We have control of the high, mid, and low frequencies. These are for a rough adjustment. For finer adjustments you need a larger equalizer that has several more choices.  sndbdeq
The Pan knobs allows you to adjust the output between your left and right sub outputs. The sliders are the fun part. They set the levels. Once you have set all the knobs to the proper places, you might not touch them again. But the sliders, that's a different story.  sndbd2
This is a homemade bell and buzzer board. You can see three different bells and one buzzer. they are all wired to a multi volt power converter. Plug it in, press a button, make a noise!  bzzrbrd